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Anthropology | William Andrefsky, Jr.

Ph.D., Binghamton University
Edward R. Murrow Distinguished Professor Emeritus
Former Dean of the Graduate School

Research Interests

Prehistoric hunter-gatherer organization, lithic technology, rise of sedentism, and information transmission.

pointI am interested in methodological approaches to archaeology that primarily deal with stone tools and lithic debitage analysis. This may seem trivial to some, however, a case can be made that a great majority of the materials found on prehistoric sites from all parts of the world are composed of stone, yet we know so little about how to interpret such materials. The archaeological record is a collection of the material remains of past human activities and behaviors. Because of organic decomposition, natural erosion, and modern landscape development only a very small fraction of that material culture is preserved on prehistoric site locations. Stone tools, however, are among the few kinds of material culture withstanding the inroads of natural and cultural perturbations. I think it is fascinating and essential to develop techniques and methods that will help us determine how to interpret behavioral and cultural information from this body of data.

Former Graduate Students

William Lyons (MA 1993), Jerome Yielding (MA 1996), Sean Hess (PhD 1997), Douglas MacDonald (PhD 1997), Kimberly Redman (MA 1997), Aimee DiScipio (MA 1997), Jonathan Danz (MA 1998), Erica Schmeller (MA 1998), Kira Presler (MA 2000), Kevin Cannell (MA 2001), Stacee Sager (MA 2000), Clint Cole (MA 2001), Sara VanGalder (MA 2003), Sloan Craven (MA 2003), David Hyde (MA 2003), Lisa Centola (MA 2004), Erin Wallace (MA 2004), Jason Cowan (MA 2006), Kate Boula (MA 2006), Richard Bailey (MA 2006), Colin Quinn (MA 2006), Edward Knell (PhD 2007), Jennifer Wilson (MA 2007), Jeff Rasic (PhD 2008), Jennifer Ferris (MA 2008), Nathan Goodale (PhD 2008), Christopher Noll (MA 2009), Kim Kwarsick (MA 2010), Justin Williams (PhD 2016), Philip Fisher (PhD 2018), Katherine Harris (PhD 2018), Jacob Adams (PhD 2018)

Representative Publications

Recent Books

2015  Lithic Technological Systems:  Stone, Human Behavior, Evolution.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. edited by Nathan Goodale, William Andrefsky, Jr.

2014 Lithics in the West. University of Montana Press, Missoula. lithicsbookEdited by Douglas MacDonald, William Andrefsky, Jr. and Pei-Lin Yu.

97811076466362008    Lithic Technology: Measures of Production, Use and Curation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.  edited by William Andrefsky, Jr.

2005     Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis, Second Edition, Cambridge andrefsky-lithicsUniversity Press,Cambridge, U.K., by Andrefsky, Jr., William.

2001    Lithic Debitage Analysis: Context Form Meaning.University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City. edited by William Andrefsky, Jr.

Representative Papers

2013     Fingerprinting Flake Production and Damage Processes: Toward Identifying Human Artifact Characteristics. In Paleoamerican Odyssey. Edited by Kelly Graf, Michael Waters, and Ted Geobel, pp. 415-428. Texas A&M Press, College Station.

2013     Williams, Justin P., Andrew Duff, and William Andrefsky, Jr.
Debitage Stylistic Variability at Cox Ranch Pueblo. Lithic Technology 38:3-16.

2012    Andrefsky, Jr., William  Raising the Bar:  Lithic Analysis and Archaeological Research in the Southeast.  In Contemporary Lithic Analysis in the Southeastern:  Problems, Solutions and Interpretations, edited by Phil J. Carr, Andrew P. Bradbury, and Sarah E. Price, pp. 182-193,  University of Alabama Press.

2011   Ferris, Jennifer M., and William Andrefsky, Jr.  Transport Damage and Lithic Analysis:  New Insights. In Archaeological Papers from the New Ground Australian Conference, Edited by Benjamin Marwick and Alexander McKay,  pp.  British Archaeological Reports, Oxford, UK.

2011     Williams, Justin, William Andrefsky Jr., Debitage Variability Among Multiple Flint Knappers. Journal of Archaeological Science. 38:865-872.

2010     Andrefsky, Jr., William   Human Land-use Strategies and Projectile Point Damage, Resharpening, and Discard Patterns, Human Evolution 25:13-30.

2010   Goodale, Nathan, Heather Otis, William Andrefsky, Jr., Ian Kuijt, Bill Finlayson, Ken Bart  Sickle Blake Life-History and the Transition to Agriculture:  An Early Neolithic Case Study from Southwest Asia.  Journal of Archaeological Science 32:1192-1201.

2009   Andrefsky, Jr., William   The Analysis of Stone Tool Procurement, Production, and Maintenance.  Journal of Archaeological Research 17:65-103.

2009   Terry, Karisa, William Andrefsky, Jr., Mikhail V. Konstantinov   Raw Material Durability, Function, and Retouch in the Upper Paleolithic of the Transbikal Region, Siberia, In Lithic Materials and Paleolithic Societies, edited by Brian Adams and Brooke Blades, pp.  256-259.  Wiley-Blackwell, West Sussex, UK.

2008    Wilson, Jennifer Keeling, and William Andrefsky, Jr. Unpacking Production, Resharpening and Hammer Type, in Lithic Technology: Measures of Production, Use and Curation , edited by William Andrefsky, Jr., pp. 86-105. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

2007    Andrefsky, Jr., William   Cobble Tool or Cobble Core:  Exploring Alternative Typologies.  In Tools or Cores: Alternative Approaches to Stone Tool Analysis,  edited by S. B. McPherron, pp 253-266.  Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK.

2007    Andrefsky, Jr., William  The Application and Misapplication of Mass Analysis in Lithic Debitage Studies. Journal of Archaeological Science 34:392-402.

2006     Andrefsky, Jr., William   Experimental and Archaeological Verification of an Index of Retouch for Hafted Bifaces.  American Antiquity 71:743-758.

2005     Andrefsky, Jr., William   Lithic Studies.  In Handbook of Methods in Archaeology,  edited by H.D.G. Maschner and C. Chippindale, pp.  713-770.  AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

2004     Andrefsky, Jr., William   Partitioning the Aggregate: Mass Analysis and Debitage Assemblages. In Aggregate Analysis in Chipped Stone Studies, edited by Mary Lou Larson and Christopher Hall, pp 172-193, University of Utah Press.

2004   Andrefsky, Jr., William   Materials and Contexts for a Culture History of the Columbia Plateau. In Complex Hunter-Gatherers: Evolution and Organization of Prehistoric Communities on the Plateau of Northwestern North America. Edited by Wm. C. Prentiss and Ian Kuijt, pp. 35-62, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

2001    Lithic Debitage Analysis: Context Form Meaning. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City. edited by William Andrefsky, Jr.

2001    Rasic, Jeff, and William Andrefsky, Jr. Blade Cores and Technological Organization in Northwestern North America. In Lithic Debitage Analysis: Context Form Meaning. edited by William Andrefsky, Jr., pp. 233-258, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

2000     The Calispell Archaeological Project: Final Report, Volumes 1-V. Center for Northwest Anthropology, Project Report Number 16. edited by William Andrefsky, Jr., Gregg Burtchard, Kira Presler, Steven R. Samuels, Paul H. Sanders, and Alston ThomsWashington State University, Pullman, Washington.

1997   Andrefsky, Jr., William   Thoughts on Stone Tool Shape and Inferred Function. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 13:125-143.

1994   Andrefsky, Jr., William   Raw Material Availability and the Organization of Technology. American Antiquity 59:21 35.

1994   Andrefsky, Jr., William   The Geological Occurrence of Lithic Material and Stone Tool Production Strategies. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 9:345-362.

1991   Andrefsky, Jr., William   Inferring Trends in Prehistoric Settlement Behavior Lithic Production Technology in the Southern Plains. North American Archaeololgy 12(2) 129-144.

1990 An Introduction to the Archaeology of Pinon Canyon, Southeastern Colorado Vols. I VI. National Park Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Denver, Colorado.

1987 Diffusion and Innovation from the Perspective of Wedge Shaped Cores in Alaska and Japan. In The Organization of Core Technology. eds. Johnson, J.K. and C.A. Morrow. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.

1982 Reduction Sequences and the Exchange of Obsidian in Neolithic Calabria. In Contexts for Prehistoric Exchange. eds. Ericson, J. and T. Earle, pp. 149-172. Academic Press, New York. (second author with Albert Ammerman).

Andrefsky webpic 2012

Contact Information

College Hall 326

Curriculum Vitae